M a i n H E P D a ch i e v e m e n t s
"CHRONOLOGY OF THE MOST SIGNIFICANT EVENTS IN HEPD since 1963"
BOOKLET "High Energy Physics Division PNPI. Main scientific activities."
BOOKLET "The proton synchrocyclotron SC-1000 turned 50 years old."
PNPI HEPD 2007-2012 (28 Mb),
PNPI 2010-2013(5,6 Mb),
PNPI 2014(9 Mb),
PNPI 2015(6,7 Mb),
PNPI HEPD 2013-2018 (28 Mb)
Information materials on promising developments and achievements of the HEPD PNPI:
(STAND of HEPD - for the hall of the 7th building)
Investigations at the Large Hadron Collider
Experiments in CERN
- CMS, ATLAS, LHCb, ALICE, UA9
Heads of PNPI groups:
A.A. Vorobyov (CMS and LHCb), O.L. Fedin (ATLAS), V.M. Samsonov (ALICE), Yu.M. Ivanov (UA9).
PNPI has made an extremely large contribution in construction of the collider detectors
ATLAS, CMS, LHCb and ALICE.
This contribution is described in detail in the booklet
"Participation in preparation and performance of experiments at the LHC" (pdf = 5 Mb). Due to this contribution, PNPI has become a full member of LHC experiments. PNPI scientists participate actively in data taking, share responsibilities in maintenance and operation of the detectors and participate in the data analysis. During 2010–2013,
participants have published more than 400 papers. 40 PNPI members are among authors of these papers.
A large number of physical results have been obtained, the most important being the discovery of the Higgs boson.
Important results also concern the search of contributions of “new physics” beyond the Standard Model. It has been established that such contributions are absent up to the mass of about 1 TeV.
The observation in the LHCb and CMS experiments of a very rare decay of the Bs meson into two mesons is also considered as a result of prime importance.
This decay was observed on the level of 3.2 õ10-9 in agreement with the prediction of the Standard Model.
The measured probability of this decay imposes stringent limits on possible existence of “new physics”.
This result was obtained with active participation of PNPI scientists.
The experiment UA9 has demonstrated that it is possible to cut
down the halo of the LHC proton beams using crystals developed at PNPI
(pdf) and IHEP.
This result can be of great importance for increasing the LHC luminosity. It has been decided to establish a pilot collimation station
right in the LHC ring.
The release of CERN Bulletin (27 November, 2018) presents a successful result on crystalline collimation of LHC beams, achieved with the participation of employees of the Kurchatov Institute NRC - PNPI (for more details, see the article
"Crystal cleaning the LHC beam").
At present, PNPI participates in the program of the Upgrade of the CMS detector.
A dedicated station is arranged for assembly and testing new CMS muon chambers. Seven PNPI engineers participate constantly in this work. Besides that, PNPI has produced a 2500-channel high-voltage system for the CMS detector and is developing a new trigger system. The contribution of PNPI to the CMS Upgrade is estimated to be about 1 million Swiss franks.
Investigation of collisions of relativistic nuclei
PHENIX experiment (Brookhaven, USA).